Marcus Mosiah Garvey
1887 - 1940
Born on the 17th of August, 1887 from humble parentage in the Parish of St. Ann. He received his first education at an Infant school then at St. Ann's Bay Methodist. At the tender age of 14 years, he became an apprentice to his godfather in the printing industry, moving on to Portmaria in search of a better life and finally ended up in Kingston at the age of 21, where he worked for the Government printers.
It was while in Kingston that Garvey became imbued with a revolutionary spirit. He organized the first political club called National Club, in Jamaica engaging in political activities with others on Victory Pier. All this time he was appalled by the deprivation, starvation and massive exploitation of black people. He wanted to help. In 1910 Garvey made his first journey abroad to Costa Rica
On August 1st, 1913 Garvey returned to Jamaica and persisted to form the Universal Negro Improvement Association (U.N.I.A.) then he left for England. It was while there that his eyes became open to the political realities of the time. He left for the United States in 1916
Although Garvey reached racial pride, and although Garvey demanded equality for blacks, not all black people supported Garvey. Garvey left Jamaica in 1935 a badly disillusioned man. Garvey's philosophy still has its relevance today in the world where the black man still continues to be exploited at the hands of Imperialism.